Arnd Bauerkämper, Professor of Modern European History at the Freie Universität Berlin, studied History and English at the Universities of Bielefeld, Oxford and Göttingen. Before his appointment, he worked as a Research Fellow at the Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung, Potsdam (1993-2001) as well as Managing Director of the Zentrum (Berliner Kolleg) für Vergleichende Geschichte Europas (2001-2009). He is a member of the boards of the Historische Kommission zu Berlin as well as the journals Jahrbuch für Geschichte des ländlichen Raumes and Zeitgeschichte.
Arnd Bauerkämper has concentrated on transnational European history in the 20th century. His main fields of research are the history of fascism, communism and the two World Wars, life in divided Germany, transatlantic philanthropy since 1945 as well as the history of civil society and human rights since the late 18th century.
Security and Humanity in the First World War. The Treatment of Civilian “Enemy Aliens” in the Belligerent State
In the First World War, politicians and officials had to strike a balance between security demands and humanitarian requirements, not only in democracies such as Britain, but also in authoritarian states such as imperial Germany and Russia. The research project investigates this intricate and multi-layered relationship, concentrating on repressive measures taken against civilian “enemy aliens”. Whereas many governments, nationalistic elites and populist movements pressed for the wholesale interment of these citizens, national and international humanitarian organizations strove to protect the basic rights of “enemy aliens”. The comparative study of major European states (in particular Germany, France, Britain, Russia, the Austrian-Hungarian Empire and Italy) as well as their overseas empires, the United States and Latin America sheds light on different approaches to the relationship between “national security” on the one hand and liberty and humanity on the other. As governments reacted to each other, the transnational perspective also includes reciprocity in the treatment of “enemy aliens” between reprisals and alleviations.
National Security and Humanity. The Internment of Civilian “Enemy Aliens” During the First World War
28 November (6.30pm) at the German Historical Institute London